[FieldTrip] Incorporating White Matter conductivity anisotropy into FEM simbio

Johannes Vorwerk j.vorw01 at gmail.com
Mon Oct 29 15:14:16 CET 2018

Dear Ravi,

as Carsten already said, calculating FEM with anisotropic conductivities is not directly supported by the FieldTrip-SimBio implementation. However, if you are willing to invest a bit of time it is possible to work around this.

The „only“ thing that needs to be changed is the calculation of the FEM stiffness matrix, which is performed by the routine „calc_stiffness_matrix_val“ in the function sb_calc_stiff (usually called from ft_prepare_headmodel). The problem is that FieldTrip does not support anisotropic conductivities, so that you would have to call calc_stiffness_matrix_val directly. You can see the correct call in sb_calc_stiff. For anisotropic conductivities you have to replace the input „cond“ by a #elements x 6 matrix containing your anisotropic conductivities in the format "xx yy zz xy yz zx“. If you now follow the normal FieldTrip-SimBio workflow using the resulting stiffness matrix, you will get results for anisotropic conductivities.


> Am 29.10.2018 um 12:31 schrieb Carsten Wolters <carsten.wolters at uni-muenster.de>:
> Dear Ravi,
> 1) You can use the pure SimBio-code from 
> https://www.mrt.uni-jena.de/simbio/index.php/Main_Page <https://www.mrt.uni-jena.de/simbio/index.php/Main_Page>
> to treat WM anisotropy.
> While it would in principle also be possible to use anisotropic conductivities with FieldTrip-SimBio, 
> this is currently not implemented using ft_prepare_headmodel. Johannes (in CC), who implemented 
> Fieldtrip-SimBio, answered a same question by Junjie Wu in March 2018: 
> "Depending on your matlab skills and your available time, I could help you to give it a 
> try though. It should be possible with using some direct function calls instead of the high-level fieldtrip-functions."
> 2) We recommend 
> http://www.sci.utah.edu/~wolters/PaperWolters/2012/RuthottoEtAl_PhysMedBiol_2012.pdf <http://www.sci.utah.edu/~wolters/PaperWolters/2012/RuthottoEtAl_PhysMedBiol_2012.pdf>
> on individual data. I could imagine that an atlas does a reasonable job w.r.t. the main
> bigger fiber tracts such as corpus callosum or pyramidal tracts, but that the finer details
> in the cortices are individual. We always measure T1, T2 and DTI from each subject
> and I personally do not have experience with such a group-level anisotropy compared 
> to the individual one. Might be interesting to hear from others what they think!?
> BR
>    Carsten
> Am 25.10.18 um 23:05 schrieb Ravi Mill:
>> Dear Fieldtrippers
>> I have applied the FEM simbio head modeling pipeline implemented in Fieldtrip to my EEG data. My understanding is that this pipeline assumes isotropic conductivities for 5 head compartments (as specified by cfg.conductivity in ft_prepare_headmodel). After reading some papers (e.g. Vorwerk et al 2014 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.06.040 <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.06.040>), it seems like incorporating white matter conductivity anisotropy has a relatively small albeit significant effect on the source solution. I am interested in comparing FEM results when treating white matter as anisotropic. My questions are as follows:
>> Is there a way to implement the FEM simbio head model whilst treating WM as anisotropic within Fieldtrip? If so, how would one do this (or are there any resources available that demonstrate this)?
>> From previous papers and some simbio documentation (https://www.mrt.uni-jena.de/simbio/index.php/SIMBIO/Releasenotes/Examples <https://www.mrt.uni-jena.de/simbio/index.php/SIMBIO/Releasenotes/Examples>) it seems like diffusion MRI data is required to calculate the WM conductivity for each individual subject. I only have T1 and T2 scans for my subjects. So would it be possible to use WM anisotropic information obtained from some kind of diffusion MRI group average/atlas instead (accepting some loss in subject-level precision)? If so, does such a group average/atlas exist?
>> Any help would be greatly appreciated!
>> Thanks
>> Ravi
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>> https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002202 <https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002202>
> -- 
> Prof. Dr.rer.nat. Carsten H. Wolters
> University of Münster
> Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignalanalysis
> Malmedyweg 15
> 48149 Münster, Germany
> Phone: 
> +49 (0)251 83 56904
> +49 (0)251 83 56865 (secr.)
> Fax: 
> +49 (0)251 83 56874
> Email: carsten.wolters at uni-muenster.de <mailto:carsten.wolters at uni-muenster.de>
> Web: https://campus.uni-muenster.de/biomag/das-institut/mitarbeiter/carsten-wolters/ <https://campus.uni-muenster.de/biomag/das-institut/mitarbeiter/carsten-wolters/>
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